What is composting?
Composting is a natural process that turns organic material into a dark rich substance. This substance, called compost or humus, is a wonderful conditioner for your soil.
Why should I compost?
- Healthier Plants Organic matter is known as the “soul of a healthy soil.” Adding compost to your yard or garden will help your plants grow bigger and better. The organic matter in compost helps soil hold on to nutrients and water, benefiting your plants while reducing the risk of pollution.
- Composting Saves You Money Using compost as a soil conditioner or mulch reduces your need to purchase these lawn and garden products. Composting in your backyard may reduce your trash removal costs. Many sanitation companies charge customers by the bag. Your compost bin could decrease the number of bags your household generates.
- Composting is practical and convenient No need to bother bagging leaves and other garden/yard wastes. Simply add them to your backyard pile or bin and watch these items turn into rich dark humus.
- Composting is a good alternative to landfilling or incinerating convenient Our yard and garden wastes account for almost 20% of the total amount of trash thrown away each year. Your choice to compost reduces the need to burn or bury organic material and increases the quality of our precious topsoil.
What should I compost?
While anything that was once alive can be composted, certain items are best left to professionals and kept out of the home composting system. When selecting materials for your compost pile, AVOID:
- Wastes that attract pests
- Diseased/Insect ridden plants Fatty food items, such as meat or cheese, should be avoided since they can attract rodents, raccoons, dogs, cats, flies and other pests.
- Cat and dog wastes should not be added because they can spread certain diseases.
- You may also want to leave out plants that are heavily diseased or pest-infested unless you are confident they will be composted hot enough and long enough to thoroughly break them down.
- This is also true for the reproductive parts of troublesome weeds (e.g., seed heads, rhizomes).